Fuel Price Adjustment: EPRA Announces Slight Decrease in Petrol, Diesel, and Kerosene Costs

Fuel Price Adjustment: EPRA Announces Slight Decrease in Petrol, Diesel, and Kerosene Costs

May, 14 2024

The Energy, Petroleum, and Regulatory Authority (EPRA), in its latest periodic fuel pricing review, has brought a bit of relief to consumers across the fuel spectrum by reducing the prices of petrol, diesel, and kerosene. Effective from midnight, the updated prices were set with a relatively modest decrease, but one that nonetheless offers some reprieve against the backdrop of the fluctuating global oil market.

According to EPRA, the price adjustments involve a Sh1 reduction per liter for super petrol, Sh1.2 for diesel, and Sh1.3 for kerosene. As such, in Nairobi, the updated retail price for a liter of super petrol will now be Sh192.84, while diesel will be priced at Sh179.18 per liter, and kerosene will cost Sh168.76 per liter. These adjustments are particularly noticeable as they contrast with the trend in landed costs for these fuels.

Analysis of Landed Costs and Pricing

The EPRA report highlights some intriguing dynamics in the costs involved in bringing these fuels into the country. Notably, the average landed cost for super petrol saw an increase of 3.82%, rising from US$737.69 per cubic meter in March 2024 to US$765.87 per cubic meter in April 2024. Conversely, the average landed cost of diesel showed a slight decrease of 0.46%, from US$722.51 to US$719.21 per cubic meter. Kerosene's cost, meanwhile, edged up by 0.50% from US$725.31 to US$728.97 per cubic meter.

This discrepancy between the landed cost and retail price adjustments can be attributed to a variety of factors including government policy, taxation levels, and global oil market fluctuations. It reflects the intricate interplay between international market trends and domestic fiscal policy decisions that influence fuel pricing in the country.

Impact on Various Sectors

The marginal reduction in fuel prices is expected to have varied impacts across different sectors of the economy. For individual motorists, the decrease is a welcome development, potentially easing the burden of transportation costs slightly. Commercial enterprises that rely heavily on diesel for transportation and operations might find some relief in operational costs, although the impact may be limited due to the minimal extent of the price cut.

Additionally, households that use kerosene for cooking and lighting will benefit from the kerosene price drop. This is particularly significant in lower-income and rural areas where kerosene is still a major source of energy. The reduction could improve household savings slightly, contributing to overall economic welfare for these populations.

Long-Term Implications

While the immediate effects of the price decreases provide some short-term relief, the long-term implications of fluctuating fuel costs are more complex. The dependency on imported fuels makes national economies vulnerable to global oil price shocks, which can result in significant economic and social challenges. As such, there is ongoing debate and discussion about the need for more sustainable and stable energy policies that reduce dependency on volatile oil markets.

One potential area of focus could be increased investment in alternative and renewable energy sources. Such initiatives could not only mitigate the adverse effects of global oil price variations but also align with broader environmental sustainability goals. The government, along with private sector stakeholders, might need to consider comprehensive strategies that address both the short-term impacts and long-term challenges posed by the dependence on imported fuels.


The latest price adjustments by EPRA, while modest, are indeed a step in the right direction for easing the financial pressure on various consumer segments. However, the underlying challenges of fuel cost management in a globally influenced market remain a critical issue for policymakers. Strategic, forward-thinking approaches are required to navigate these complexities effectively in the pursuit of economic stability and sustainable development.